Above: This is perhaps the definitive portrait of General Charles George "Chinese" Gordon of the Royal Engineers.
Wearing the fez and uniform of Governor General of the Sudan, he gained early fame leading the Emperor of
China's so-called
Ever Victorious Army against rebels in the 1860s. Later as Governor of the Sudan (1877-79) he
almost single handedly put an end to slavery in that blighted province of the Ottoman Empire. He
returned in 1884 to
help lead the evacuation of the Sudanese capitol Khartoum in the face of the Mahdi's rebellion.
Ordered by Prime
Minister Gladstone to abandon the city to its fate, he refused.
Leading the hopeless but gallant defense of the city in
the face of overwhelming odds and died when the
Khartoum fell on 26 January 1885 - the day before forward
elements of
a British relief column reached the city.

Woodburytype Cabinet Photograph - Trimmed
The London Stereoscopic Company - Photographer
110, 108 & 106 Regent Street W., London, England
c. 1880
Above: This image is generally thought to be the last photograph taken of Gordon before his final and fatal mission to
Khartoum in 1884. Prior to his decision to return to the Sudan
, he had accepted a commission from Leopold, King of the
Belgians to assume
the governorship of the Belgian Congo from the famed Henry Morton Stanley.  He ultimately
declined the King's offer and agreed to attempt the evacuation of Khartoum in the face of the Madhi's rebellion. This
portrait was taken for the Belgian King and bears Gordon's facsimile signature.

Cabinet Photograph
London Stereoscopic Company  - Photographer
110, 108 & 106 Regent Street W., London, England
c. 1885