|A group image taken during the Spanish-American War of military attachés at the United States military headquarters at Santiago de Cuba. Standing left to right are the representatives of Sweden (Captain Arvid Mauritz
Wester), Austro-Hungarian Empire (Leiutenant J. Roedler), Japan (Major Shiba Gorō) and Great Britain (Captain Arthur Hamilton Lee, R.A.). Seated is that of Russia (Colonel Nikolai Yermoloff) and the white uniformed
German (Count Gustav Adolf Graf von Götzen). Several members of the delegation are missing from the photo including the French attaché Major Clément de Grandpré and the Ottoman representative Enver Pasha.
With the exception of Sweden all of the represented nations would be a few short years involved in wars either allied with or against each other. Two years later Germany, Russia, Japan, Austria and Great Britain would
fight as allies in China's Boxer Rebellion of 1900. In 1905 Japan and Russia would confront each other in the Russo-Japanese War. In 1914 Britain, Russia and Japan would face Germany and Austria in World War One.
Underwood & Underwood - Photographer
New York, London, Toronto - Canada, Ottawa _ Kansas
|Left: Captain Arthur Hamilton Lee (1868-1947) of the
Royal Artillery. Graduate of Sandhurst, his first
overseas posting was as adjutant of the Royal Hong
Kong Regiment. Later assigned to a number of political
positions he never saw active duty in the field. For his
service as attaché to American forces in Cuba he was
made an honorary member of Teddy Roosevelt's
"Rough Riders" and granted the U.S. Spanish-
American War Campaign Medal. Elected to Parliament
in 1900, he was to serve on Kitchener's staff early in
WWI. During the war we was appointed to the Order of
the Bath and Order of the British Empire. Raised to the
Peerage in 1918. He serves as 1st Lord of the Admiralty
(1921-2). He would later leave his country estate
Chequers in trust to the British people to serve as a
country retreat for successive Prime Ministers.
|Left: Major Shiba Gorō (1860=1945). An artillery
officer, he served during the First Sino-Japanese War
(1895). He gained international notoriety as
commander of the Japanese detachment during the
siege of the foreign legations at Peking (Beijing) in
1900 during the Boxer Rebellion. He would see further
action during the Russo-Japanese War (1905). He
served as military attaché to Britain and commanded
the Army of Taiwan prior to his retirement. He took his
own life many years later in the wake of Japan's defeat
in World War II.
|Right: Count Gustav Adolf Graf von Götzen (1866-
1910) was born in Prussia nd commissioned in 1887. An
explorer of some repute, he led an expedition that
traversed Africa from Tanganyikan coast to the Congo's
Atlantic shore (1893-95). He was appointed first
governor of German East Africa where he suppressed
the Maji Maji Rebellion with great severity. His health
broken by the African climate he retired in 1906. He
remained an active champion of German colonialism
but died in Hamburg in 1910.
|Right: Leiutenant J. Roedler. An officer in the Austro-
Hungarian Navy. Little biographical information has
been found regarding him.
|Left: Colonel Nikolai SergeyevichYermoloff (1853-
1924). Educated in St, Petersberg, he was serving as
Imperial Russian attaché London when he was
appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the
Bath (1915). The same London Gazette entry shows he
had previously been invested a Knight Commander of
the Royal Victorian Order. He apparently remained in
exile in Britain after the Russian Revolution and died
in London in 1924.
|Left: Captain Arvid Mauritz Wester (1856-1915). In
1885 Wester was one of ten Swedish officers hired by
Leopold II to help establish the Belgian colony in the
Congo. He was apparently quite effective in this task.
After his experiences in Cuba he authored the book
Santiago Fä Lttåget 1898 (Santiago Campaign of 1898).