Images from Canada
Cabinet Photographs, Carte de Visites, Tintypes, etc.
Captain Edmund Harrington Molyneux-Seel
1st Battalion, the King's Liverpool Regiment
c. 1893
Unidentified Officer
Canadian Militia
c. 1890s
Unidentified Captain
Royal Canadian Artillery
c. 1880s
Unidentified Sergeant
39th "Norfolk Rifles" Regiment
c. 1890s
Unidentified Soldier
Cold Weather Dress
c. 1890s
G.W. Berridge

Mounted Photograph
5 1/2  by 7 3/4 inches (14cm x 19.5cm)

Montreal, Canada
March 1908
Wearing the uniform of the Montreal
Highland Cadets a young G. W. Berridge
proudly poses for the photographer. The
mount bears three separate inscriptions on
the reverse that are unfortunately to faint
to scan. One in pencil dates the photograph
to March 1908. The second in ink is a poem
in Berridge's own hand:
Unidentified Private
8th Regiment
Canadian Militia
with dogs ghost
c. 1860s
Drum Major
William Martin
1st Battalion
15th Regiment of Foot
No. 416 Sergeant
William Moriarty
1st Battalion
25th Regiment of Foot
Remember me when this you see
When this you look upon
Wrote by my hand
Long may it stand
When I am dead and gone.

G.W. Berridge
Unidentified Legionnaire
Legion of Frontiersmen
c. 1905
Unidentified Sergeant
48th Canadian Highlanders
c. 1900s
In a third note in another hand is added:
"Killed March 23, 1912". This image is as
poignant as any I that have seen.
Unidentified Private
Canadian Militia
Hand Tinted Tintype
c. 1860s
The following information regarding Capt. Luard was kindly provided by
Henry Reynolds Luard was born
in Warwick, Warwickshire on the
30th June 1828 the son of Dr.
Peter Luard was one of a large
immediate family of 7 children.  
His brothers take careers in the
Army or the Anglican Clergy.  
Luard learns to play the flute in
his youth and continues to play it,
with some skill, throughout his

In 1845, Luard attended the Royal
Military Academy, Woolwich, as a
"Gentleman Cadet".  Cadets, who
completed their studies and
finished in the top half of their
class became Royal Engineers and
the rest became Royal Engineers
and the rest became classmates
was Robert Mann Parsons Royal
Artillery.  One of Luard's who
would later serve with him in
British Columbia.  Another cadet
was the brother of Arthur Reid
Lempriere, the young Lieutenant
of the Columbia Detachment.
On the 1st of October 1847, Luard
completed his studies at "The
Shop" and took leave till 31
October.  During that time he
received word that he had been
given a commission in the Royal
Engineers with the rank of 2nd
Captain Henry Reynolds Luard
Mounted Photograph
6  by 4 1/2 inches (15.2cm x 11.3cm)
c. 1859

Taken from a mid-19th Century album
that once belonged to an officer of the
Royal Engineers, this photograph of
Captain Luard was probably taken just
prior to his departure to Canada in 1859.
Unidentified Lieutenant
Royal Canadian Artillery
c. 1880s
Unidentified Canadian
Soldier with
Ross Rifle
c. 1910s
Unidentified Private
Canadian Militia
c. 1880
Unidentified Officer
Canadian Militia
Carte de Visite style Tintype
c. 1870s
Amos Roy Pyne
69th Annapolis Infantry Battalion.
c. 1899
"Uncle Herbert"
5th Regiment
Royal Scots of Canada
c. 1900
George Taylor Denison III
Magistrate of Police
c. 1878
Unidentified Sergeant
Canadian Militia
c. 1880
Constable Springer: "The force. You see, we arrived in this territory long before any whites moved in. The law got here first, you might say. It's the other way around in your country. The settlers come, crime gets out of hand. They pin a
star on a man. Like it or not he gets the job done... but it sure makes for a lot of dead men in the street."
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     From the 1961 film production of The Canadians
Private Lucien LaRue
Royal Canadian Regiment
(standing, right)

Carte de Visite
Bloemfontein, South Africa
April, 1900
Marie Eugene Lucien LaRue was born in Quebec, Canada
around 1875 one of at least 10 children of Dr. Leonidas and Elise

As was that case with many sons of upper middle class families
Lucien LaRue served in the local Quebec militia  – as a sergeant
in the 9th Voltigeurs de Quebec and later as a lieutenant in the
87th Quebec Battalion. After completion of his scholastic studies
he took employment with the National Bank in Quebec.

With the outbreak of the Anglo-Boer War LaRue volunteered
for service as a private (No. 7818) in the “F” Coy., 2nd Battalion
(Special Service), Royal Canadian Regiment shipping out of
Quebec on 30 October, 1899 on the board the
S.S. Sardinian
which touched at the Canary Islands before continuing south.

He recorded his voyage and subsequent service in South Africa
in a series of letters home and in a journal that appeared in
livre d'or (The Golden Book) of the Canadian Contingents in South
by Gaston P. Labat (Montreal, 1901). These letters and...
Unidentified Canadian Bandsmen
Canadian Militia
Carte de Visite Style Tintype
July 1897
Unidentified Private
Canadian Militia
c. 1870s
Robert Gilmour Edwards Leckie
Mounted Photograph

Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
7 1'2 Inches by 5 1/2 Inches
(19cm x 14cm)
c. 1900
Right: Private Hartley B. French
2nd Canadian Mounted Riflemen

Mounted Photograph
St John, New Brunswick, Canada
c. 1902
Hartley B. French was born in 23, June 1883 at St
John, New Brunswick the son of Benjamin and
Margaret French.

Hearing the imperial call of the Anglo-Boer War.
French, like so many other young Canadian men
enlisted for service in South Africa, joining the 2nd
Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles soon after the
unit was authorized in late 1901. The 2nd CMR
formed part of the 3rd Canadian contingent that set
sail for southern Africa in January 1902. The unit
took part in the final phases of the war seeing most
of its action in the western Transvaal. It also took
part in the Battle of Hart's River, which after
Paardeberg, was the bloodiest day for Canadian
forces during the war. Active service lasted until
May and the unit returned to Canada in June 1902.
Unidentified Rifleman
Canadian Militia
c. 1880
Valentine Stewart Hitchcock
50th Regiment Canadian Garrison Artillery
Mounted Photograph
c. 1900
Non-commissioned officers of the 10th Royal Regiment of Toronto
Volunteers c. 1870. Sergeant James Pembroke Beddoes stands second
from left, third row back.

Mounted Photograph
Toronto, Canada.
c. 1870
Unidentified Militiaman
81st Portneuf Battalion
Carte de Visite Style Tintype
Late 1860s
Colour Sergeant
Henry Daniel Bance
2nd Battlion, The Duke of
Wellington's (West Riding)

Cabinet Photograph
Halifax, Nova Scotia.
c. 1890
Lance Corporal
John Nurse
2nd Battlion, The Duke of
Wellington's (West Riding)

Cabinet Photograph
Halifax, Nova Scotia.
c. 1890
These two photographs are part of a set of seven (four cabinet photos and three carte de
visites) were found in an album belonging to a member of the 2nd Battalion, The Duke of
Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment) and were all taken while the battalion was stationed
at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada  sometime around 1890. All of the photographs are
identified on the reverse in ink with at least the last name of the soldier pictured. So far
the records of only two have come to light – those of Colour-Sergeant Henry Daniel Bance
and Lance Corporal John Nurse.  Further research into the other five soldiers is ongoing.
Henry Edward Baines was born around 1840
possibly at or near Brixton, Surrey. His
father's name seems to have been Henry
Egerton Ottey Baines and must have been of
some means since the younger Baines
attended the Royal Military College, Woolich
and received his commission as lieutenant in
the Royal Artillery on 3 January, 1860.

Attached to No. 5 Battery, Royal Garrison
Artillery, Baines deployed to Canada in
December 1861 during the buildup of British
forces that occurred prior to and during the
American Civil War when the possibility of
armed conflict between Britain and the
United States seemed a decided possibility.
Henry Edward Baines
No. 5 Battery
Royal Garrison Artillery

Carte de Visite
Quebec, Canada
Unidentified Canadian Highlander
Mounted Photograph
Early 1900s
Captain Paul Ouimet
65th Regiment (Militia)
Carabiniers Mont-Royal

Mounted Photograph
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
August 1904
Andrew Alexander Imlach
5th Princess Louise Dragoon Guards
Mounted Photograph
Early 1900s
Canadian Militiaman
Tartan Trewes
c. 1878
Canadian Militiaman
Cabinet Photograph
c. 1880s
Gunner Frank Eby
Royal Canadian Artillery
Mounted Photograph
c. 1899
Frankie McEwan
Mounted Photograph
c. 1900
Square jawed, stalwart and the epitome of the popular ideal of a late
Victorian Canadian soldier in this circa 1900 photograph, future general
Robert Gilmour Edwards Leckie was born to Robert Gilmour Leckie and the
former Miss Sarah Edwards in Halifax, Nova Scotia on 4 June 1869.

His primary education took place at Bishop’s College School in Lennoxville,
Quebec, Canada while his secondary education included a Bachelor of
Sciences in mining engineering from King’s College University, Windsor,
Ontario, Canada in 1895 and Royal Military College in Kingston, Ontario
where he received the Sword of Honour and the Governor’s Generals Medal
also in 1895. His career as a mining engineer preceded his degree and his
work extended across Canada from Nova Scotia to British Columbia.

Leckie’s military service in Canada included being commissioned as a
Lieutenant with the 75th Lunenburg Battalion of Infantry in 1891.
Promoted Captain in 1892 and rapidly to Major in 1895. He transferred to
Princess Louise’s New Brunswick Hussars in 1895. Promoted Lieutenant-
Colonel in 1910 he oversaw the formation as Officer Commanding of the
72nd Regiment, Seaforth Highlanders of Canada.

His foreign service included serving as Squadron Commander of the 2nd
Canadian Mounted Rifles during the Anglo-Boer War, 1901-1902. For his...
Inscribed by a son to memorialize his late father, this fan-folded set of four
real photo postcards chronicle the life of Commander James Alfred Boxer,
R.N. who had passed away on 29 January 1924.

From a family with a long association with the Royal Navy, James Alfred
Boxer was born on 8 August 1842 to Captain James Fuller Boxer, R.N. and
Matilda Mary Sturdee at Portsmouth.
James Alfred Boxer entered the Royal Navy as a midshipman on 12 July
1855 just shy of his twelfth  birthday.  Details concerning Boxer's service as
a midshipman are sketchy but by in 1861 he was serving aboard the
screw-propelled 91-gun second-rate ship of the line
HMS Victor Emmanuel.
He was promoted lieutenant on 8 April 1863.

Early in 1865 he found himself an engineering  lieutenant on board the
screw corvette
HMS Niger under Captain John C. Byng outward bound for
the North American and West Indian stations.

The American Civil war was in its death throws by this time and the threat
of war between the United States and Great Britain not long past as the
Niger made her way westward. The Niger touched at Havana, Cuba before
making he way to Jamaica where members of her crew may have taken part
in suppressing the so-called Morant Bay Riot in October 1865.
7th Battalion (Fusiliers)
c. 1880s
Canadian Militia
Cabinet Photograph
c. 1890
Depicting a color sergeant from a Canadian militia rifle battalion, this cased Pannotype is
an example of one of the rarest forms of 19th Century photographic processes encountered

Perhaps the greatest failing of early glass plate photographic images was their inherent
fragility. Padded cases similar to this one were developed to offer such glass images a
degree of protection. And while cases made for quite beautiful means of presentation for
such images, the glass image house withing could still be cracked or shattered if the case
was dropped or sharply struck.

I an attempt to remedy the situation, in 1853 the firm of Wülff & Co developed the
pannotype process. The process involved transferring the image bearing emulsion layer
from a glass plate ambrotype image to a flexible substrate such as fabric or more rarely
leather (such as this example) which had been previously blackened and waxed.  While the
process did indeed produce an unbreakable image it inadvertently left the transferred
emulsion very prone to cracking, flaking and other forms of deterioration.

In any event the widespread introduction of the much more robust metal plate
melainotype or ferrotype) around 1860 made the pannotype redundant and it quickly
disappeared from the market.
Canadian Militia Color Sergeant
of Rifles

Full Cased 1/6th Plate Leather


c. Late 1850s