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Album Page Mounted Carte de Visite

Natal Colony, South Africa

c. 1881
This carte de visite by Natal photographer William Bowman was taken from  
an album recording notable members of the Natal military and civil services
from the time between then end of the Anglo-Zulu War in 1879 and the
Transvaal War of 1881. While many of the men depicted are now obscure to
history, the page mounted carte de visite stood out because of the part played
by its sitter Surgeon-Major Henry Cornish in the disastrous battle of Majuba
Hill during the Transvaal War.
Depicting a color sergeant from a Canadian militia rifle battalion, this cased Pannotype is
an example of one of the rarest forms of 19th Century photographic processes encountered
today.

Perhaps the greatest failing of early glass plate photographic images was their inherent
fragility. Padded cases similar to this one were developed to offer such glass images a
degree of protection. And while cases made for quite beautiful means of presentation for
such images, the glass image house withing could still be cracked or shattered if the case
was dropped or sharply struck.

I an attempt to remedy the situation, in 1853 the firm of Wülff & Co developed the
pannotype process. The process involved transferring the image bearing emulsion layer
from a glass plate ambrotype image to a flexible substrate such as fabric or more rarely
leather (such as this example) which had been previously blackened and waxed.  While the
process did indeed produce an unbreakable image it inadvertently left the transferred
emulsion very prone to cracking, flaking and other forms of deterioration.

In any event the widespread introduction of the much more robust metal plate
tintype
(
melainotype or ferrotype) around 1860 made the pannotype redundant and it quickly
disappeared from the market.
Canadian Militia Color Sergeant
of Rifles

Full Cased 1/6th Plate Leather
Pannotype

Canada

c. Late 1850s
Former Trumpeter
Charles Edward Duly, 9th Lancers
and Daughter

Real Photo Postcard

Great Britain

c. 1910
He was a man of many parts: trumpeter of the
9th Lancers and veteran of Lord Roberts’ epic
march from Kabul to Kandahar, music hall
performer, author, acrobat and part time pickle
maker.

The self-described “artiste” was born Charles
Edward David Duly on16 August 1858 in the
seaside resort town of Brighton in Sussex to
James Arthur Duly and Francis Sarah Turner.
Apparently small in stature even as a child
Charles found work performing as a circus
acrobat in his youth. He must have been looking
for a more adventurous life when he attempted to
enlist in the army when he was fifteen years old.
No doubt he was disappointed when he was
rejected for being underage.

Not dissuaded, Duly bided his time and on 19 May
1873 he successfully attested with the 9th Lancers
as No. 1534. If adventure is what Duly was
looking for he soon found it. By 1875 9th Lancers
were deployed to India and with the outbreak of
the 2nd Anglo-Afghan War in 1878 Duly and his
regiment traversed the infamous Khyber Pass
into the theater of operations.
Unidentified group of military officers
and civilian officials

Unmounted Photograph

South Africa

c. 1900
An unmounted group photo
apparently taken in southern Africa
around the time of the Anglo-Boer
War. None of the subjects are
identified but the image seems to
record a senior British officer
(seated center) with his military
and civil staff. The officer standing
center wears a leopard skin hatband
which appears to make him having
been a member of the wartime
raised mounted unit Rimington's
Guides. Three officers wear
glengarry caps with diced bands
indicating membership in a Scottish
regiment. The officer standing at
far left appears to be wearing trews
of the Gordon Highlanders
Farrier
17th Lancers
(Duke of Cambridge's Own)

Carte de Visite

Mhow, India

c. 1880
Depicting a farrier or shoeing smith of
the 17th Lancers, this carte de visite
was probably taken at Mhow, India soon
after the trooper’s receipt of his 1877-
79 South Africa Medal. The 17th had
taken part in the second invasion of
Zululand in mid-1879 and was present
at the Battle of Ulundi at which the
power of Zulu King Cetshwayo
kaMpande’s army was broken.

The 17th was deployed to India
immediately after the end of the war
and the regimental roll for the 1877-79
South Africa Medal was compiled at
Mhow on 24 September 1880. Although
this carte in unidentified, the medal roll
offers possible clues to the subject’s
identity.

According to the medal roll there were
nine members of the 17th who held the
appointment of farrier and who were
entitled to the South Africa Medal.  
Captain
Edmund Harrington Molyneux-Seel
1/the King's Liverpool Regiment

Cabinet Photograph

Halifax, Nova Scotia

c. 1893
This cabinet photograph depicting an
officer of the King’s (Liverpool)
Regiment was one of the earliest
uploaded to this website. Although
inscribed, the name was unreadable (at
least to my eyes) and the officer
remained unidentified. With a special
thanks to members of the
soldiersofthequeen.com Facebook group a
name has finally been attached to the
soldier – Edmund Harrington Molyneux-
Seel.

Deciphering the signature was
problematic due to its rather unorthodox
format. While it was very common –
almost the norm – for British officers to
sign their names with one, two, or even
three first initials followed by their
surnames, Molyneux-Seel did the
opposite signing his proper name
“Edmund” first followed by the two
initials of his compound last name “ M.
S.”. If anything this case proves that
putting fresh eyes on a problem can
indeed pay dividends. On to the man in
question.
Crimean War Medal

to

No. 1953
Private Patrick Timmons
46th (South Devonshire)
Regiment of Foot

c. 1856
The original recipient of this medal was one Patrick Timmons who was
born around 1823 at Blessington, Wicklow, Ireland. He attested with the
46th (South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot as No. 1953 at Dublin on 24
December 1844. He was 21 years old and could expect to be in his early
forties and the end of his 21-year enlistment.

Typical of the average “ranker” of his day, Timmons military career was
rather lackluster. He received his first good conduct pay on 1 March
1851 only to forfeit it on 29 July 1852. Promoted corporal on 9 May 1856,
he was reduced to private a few months later on 27 August 1856. A
confirmed private for the tenure of his service, Timmons was convicted
of drunkenness and confined from 27 August 1858 to 25 September
1858. He seems to have settled down after this and was granted three
consecutive good conduct pays on 27 September 1860, 27 September 1862
and 26 September 1864. Patrick Timmons was discharged after 21 years,
121 days with the colours on 27 October 1866.
"A Slippery Customer"

Pen and Ink Political Cartoon
by
Leon Barritt

New York, United States

1901
Signed and dedicated to an unknown recipient “Compliments of yours truly, Leon
Barritt"
this large pen and ink political cartoon offers a biting commentary on the
second phase of the Anglo-Boer War as seen through American eyes
.