In the December 1963 issue of Rhodesiana, published  by the Rhodesians Society of Salisbury, A. S. Hickman recounts a
little known episode of the Matabele/Mashona Rebellion of 1896. At the time a small store/trading post owned by Messrs.
Deary & Company was located in the Abercorn District of Southern Rhodesia and although the area was initially free from
the fighting it was soon overtaken by events. Local residents took refuge at the store which soon proved indefensible and a
fortified laager was built close by. The laager was occupied by some eighteen people eight of which were European men and
the remainder African men, women and children. On 21 June the laager and its occupants found themselves surrounded by
Moshona warriors.

The eight defenders included John Robert Rowland, John Fletcher, Joseph Francis Dean, Edward Charles Broadbent, George
Holman, James Stroyan, J. Pickering and A. Ragusin. Surviving on canned goods and bear and wine from the store the group
withstood 23 days couped up in the laager and during that time many of the Africans were killed or disappeared while foraging
for water and the nearby Pote River. Fletcher was killed early on when he unwisely left the laager unarmed and most of the
rest wounded to one degree or another.

The group held out until 13 July when a small relief force under A. H. F. Duncan arrived from Salisbury. As stated earlier
John Fletcher was killed early in the fighting and John Rowland died soon after the arrival of Duncan's force. This left six
defenders still alive.

While it is possible that this photograph depicts member of Duncan's force it could very well actually depict the six surviving
defenders of the "Abercorn Store". In his article A. S. Hickman states that he was able to trace these men - Joseph Francis
Dean, Edward Charles Broadbent, George Holman, James Stroyan, J. Pickering and A. Ragusin - much beyond the events
described above so I don't have much confidence in finding any confirmed photographs of the defenders to compare with.

Subjecting the photograph to a bit of visual forensic examination it appears to have been taken in southern Africa sometime in
the very late 1890s or possible in the early 1900s. The fencing behind the men and the manner of their dress suggests this
locality as opposed to India or other colonial outpost.  While the men also seem outfitted for a hunting expedition rather than
fighting - the man seated center is armed with a rather expensive looking double-rifle and the others with Lee-Metford or
Enfield rifles or Martini-Henry rifles, one of which (on left) has clearly been “sporterised” with a cut down fore end - such
arms were carried in the field during the Matabele and Moshona Rebellions. The man dressed in dark clothing at far left also
has an interesting device of some sort on his belt which is unidentified but may be a pedometer or compass.

Although much uncertainty remains in regards to this photograph is does seem likely that it is somehow related to the events
at the Siege of the Abercorn Store.

The investigation continues…

Cabinet Photograph
Unknown Photographer
Southern Africa, Possibly Rhodesia
c. 1896