|An interesting counterpoint to the stereo view of military attachés taken in Cuba during the Spanish-American war just two years before, in this
view we see representatives of the United States, Russian, Germany, France, Austria and Italy in Cape Town, South Africa During the Anglo-
Seated on the ground from left are Captain Stephen L'Hommedieu Slocum, 8th U.S. Cavalry and Hauptman (Captain) Robert Trimmel of the é of
the French army and Russian attaché Austro-Hungarian Lieutenant-Colonel Pavel Alexandrovich Stakhovich. Standing from left: Major Gentilini of Italy
and Hauptman Arhtur Rudolph Freiherr von Lüttwitz of Imperial Germany.
Underwood & Underwood - Photographer
New York, London, Toronto - Canada, Ottawa - Kansas
Captain (later Colonel) Stephen L'Hommedieu Slocum, 8th U.S. Cavalry - United States
Born on 11 Ausgut, 1859 in Cincinati, Ohio the son of Col. Joseph Jermain Slocum and Sallie
L'Hommedieu. He was educated at Charlier Institute in New York and entered Columbia College.
Slocum received a special appointment to the U.S. Army by President Hayes and was assigned to
the 18th Infantry Regiment in Montana before transferring to the 8th U.S. Cavalry. As an officer
in the 8th he took part in the campaign against the Nez Percés and was present at the Canyon
Creek fight (13 Sept., 1877). He also took part in the 8th Cavalry's epic march of 2600 miles (the
longest ever made by an United States Cavalry unit) from Texas to Fort Meade, South Dakota in
great Sioux chief Sitting Bull was killed (15 Dec., 1890).
Slocum was later appointed to the post of military attaché to Portugal (1899) and then London
(1899-1900) traveling to South Africa to observe the Anglo-Boer War (1900). He was then stationed at
St. Petersburg, Russia (1900-02) and then in British India (1907). Attaché to Norway and Sweden from
1907-10 and then London again from 1911-12.
Due to his assignments as military attaché Slucom missed his regiment's participation the Cuba during the Spanish American War (1898). He
rejoined his regiment in Kansas (1903) and deployed with it to the Philippines during the Insurrection for two years serving on the General Staff
He retired at his own request in 1912 after his final stint at attaché in London. Recalled to active duty during World War One, Slocum once again
held his old position as military attaché for the duration of the war. Retiring again after the war, Slocum died at his home in Washington D.C. on
14 December, 1933.
During his military career Slucom was presented with the U.S. Army Distinguished Service Medal (WWI), the Indian Wars Campaign Medal,
The Philippines Insurrection Campaign Medal, the World War One Victory Medal (with "England" bar), The Queen's South Africa Medal and
was created a Companion of the Oder of the Bath (WWI).
|Left: A Photoshop recreation of Stephen
L'Hommedieu Slocum's medal group. As
complete as current research allows at this point
it is a rather interesting and unusual grouping.
The medals are show in their proper order of
precedence as described in U.S. Army
Hauptman (Captain and later Lieutenant-General) Arthur Rudolph Freiherr von Lüttwitz - Germany.
Von Lüttwitz was born on 9 April, 1865 at Castle Lodygowitz in Galicia the son of Baron Max von Lüttwitz
and Irma von Gyula Gaal.
He was assigned as a 2nd Lieutenant in No. 3 Royal Prussian Guards Grenadier Regiment in 1882 and to
the Fusilier Battalion of the regiment in 1889. He was ordered (as 1st Lieutenant) to the Prussian Military
Academy on 1 October, 1890 and trained there for three years as a staff officer. He transferred to the
General Staff on 1 April, 1894 and promoted Captain in March 1895. In March, 1896 he assumed
command of the Staff's Topographic Surveying Division.
In May of 1898 Lüttwitz was posted to London, England as military attaché and traveled to South
Africa in October, 1899. Promoted Major in 1900 he was reassigned to St. Petersburg, Russia again as
military attaché before returning to Germany in mid-1904. In April, 1906 he assumed command of the
1st Battalion, No. 4 Queen Augusta Guards Grenadier Regiment. He returned to the General
Staff in 1907 and was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel in May, 1908.
Promoted Colonel in 1911, he took command of No. 76 Infantry Regiment. Promoted to Major-General on 22 April, 1914 he assumed command
while in command the 16th Infantry Division he successfully fought off several British attacks during the Battle of Passchendaele. For this he
was awarded the Order Pour le Mérite (the Blue Max). He was also promoted Lieutenant-General in January, 1918.
In September 1918 he was placed in command of the XXXVIII Reserve Corps a post which he seems to have held until the end of the war. He
seems to have left the army in May of 1919 and settled in Baden-Baden. He died on 6 May, 1928 in Baden-Baden.
Von Lüttwitz married Miss Mary Cary of Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.A. in Cleveland on 14 July 1892. They had met while she was traveling in Europe
several years earlier. She assumed the title of Baroness upon her marriage.
Colonel Albert Gerard Leo D'Amade - France
Fleche and entered the army in 1876. He severed as military attaché in Peking, China for four
years beginning in 1887 and later in South Africa during the Anglo-Boer War and then in London
England. A general by 1907 he commanded the expeditionary force during the Moroccan
Campaign of that year.
Early in World War One he was placed in command of the so-called "Army of the Alps" which
was intended to block any advance of Italian troops in that theater. This plan came to nothing
when Italy joined the Allies. D'Amade held several commands on the Western Front before
being place in charge of the Army of the Levant which deployed to the Dardenelles. He was
recalled to France in May, 1916 with his reputation in shambles. He ended the War as
commander of the 10th Military region in Rennes. After the war he retired in Gironde and died in
Fronsec on 11 November, 1941.
Captain (later Lieutenant-General) Robert Trimmel - Austro-Hungarian Empire
A member of the Austro-Hungarian General Staff Trimmel was military attaché in South Africa
from November, 1899 to July, 1900 and was with General Roberts during the fall of Pretoria. He lectured
widely on his observations made during the Anglo-Boer War.
In 1914 He was in command of Austro-Hungarian Infantrie Regiment Nr. 8.
Major Gentilini - Italy
Nothing much has come to light on this man. Perhaps Henry Francis Newdigate Jourdain
recalling the foreign military attachés he met during the Boer War in his 1934 book Ranging
Lieutenant-Colonel (later Lieutenant-General) Pavel Alexandrovich Stakhovich - Russia
Almost no information has been found on this officer.