Although both this soldier's name and regimental affiliation remains a mystery this photograph is an interesting
study showing his pride in both membership and standing in at least two temperance organizations while stationed in
India.

Drunkenness in the ranks was a plague in almost all 19th Century armies and temperance or abstinence societies
were created to help combat the problem. These societies were usually founded by various church-based groups
and often adopted regalia that resembled that for fraternal organizations such as the Masons. In fact it is not
unusual for photographs of soldiers wearing temperance of abstinence items to be mistaken for members of the
Masons or masonic-type organizations.

Temperance organizations typically issued medals or badges to their members to mark a given number of years of
good standing with the organization. These medals were not officially approved by the British Crown for wear on
uniforms but it is not uncommon to see them appear unofficially in photographs such as this one. They would have
been removed after the photographic session. Often ignored by present day medal collectors these medals none the
less offer an insight into the lives of the soldiers who often proudly wore them.

Several of this soldier's medals have been identified bellow. They seem to link him with both the Army Temperance
Association and the Soldier's Total Abstinence Association.


Cabinet Photograph
L.C. Mullick - Photographer
Quetta, India
c 1902