It is unfortunate that only one member of this group of sergeants of the 10th Royal Regiment of Toronto Volunteers was identified on the back of the image's card stock mount.
Sergeant James Pembroke Beddoes stands second from left third row back. I have been able to find out little about Beddoes other than several mentions of him in the Canadian
Nominal Rolls and Paylists for the Volunteer Militia between 1869 and 1871.

Beddoes first appears in the Rolls as a Private in the 10th Royal Regiment of Toronto Volunteers on 30 June, 1869. The following year on 4 June he has been promoted Sergeant. In
the pay list for 30 June, 1870 Beddoes is listed a member of the 3rd Company, 10th Royal Regiment. On 7 December, 1870 Beddoes regiment is listed as the 10th Royal Guard of
Honor for the opening of Parliament in Ottawa. It is possible that the regiment acted in some official capacity during the visit to Canada by Prince Arthur - later the Duke of
Connaught and Governor General of Canada - which took place during 1869-70. The final mention of Beddoes that I have found up to this point is in the 30 June, 1871
Acquittance Roll for No. 3 Company, 10th Royal Regiment.

Sergeant Whatisname? In the six militia documents I examined Beddoes name is spelled no less than five different ways: Beddoes, Beadows, Bedeau, Beddows and Beddeows.

This photograph offers an interesting view of the men who filled the non-commisioned ranks of a Canadian militia battalion during the mid-1800s. The apparent difference in age is
marked in the faces of these men as well as the obvious level of military experience which that difference brings with it. The old sergeant standing to the right of Beddoes wears a
multi-clasped Crimean War Campaign Medal and the Turkish medal for that same war - he had served in the ranks of the British Army prior to his arrival in Canada. The Sergeant
Major standing to the left of Beddoes appears to be wearing a life saving medal on his right breast. Some of these men may have been mobilized with their battalion in March and
June, 1866 during the Fenian Raids of that year though Beddoes does not appear to have been serving with the battalion at that time.


Mounted Photograph
9 1/8 Inches by 11 1/4 Inches
(23.5cm x 28.8cm)
Unknown Photographer
Toronto, Canada
c. 1870