Above: Sergeant Patrick Connole of the 65th Regiment of Foot in a photograph taken close to the end of his military career in the early 1870s. The event commemorated may well
have been his award of the Long Service & Good Conduct Medal he is pictured wearing. The photograph was probably a copy rephotographed by B. P. Crossman of Rochester, New
York from a now lost original. My research shows no evidence that Connole ever visited his family relation in New York though the possibility does exist.


C
arte de Visite
B
. P. Crossman - Photographer (Copiest)
114 Sate Street, Rochester, New York, United States
c. 187
1

...and 210 non-commissioned officers and men under Major G F Murray out in September 1855 on the
Duke of Portland to replace men whose terms of engagement had come to an
end in the colony.

While Connole’s discharge papers state that he served a full four years in New Zealand, unlike service papers no mention of the exact dates are given. The 65th served in New
Zealand continuously from November 1845 through 1865 and took part in two campaigns against the Maori during that time. The New Zealand Medal roll for the 65th is arraigned by
regimental number and curiously Connole – then a private is not listed amongst those entitled to the medal which was first issued in 1869. This photograph of Connole shows him as a
sergeant which dates the image sometime between his promotion to that rank on 4 June, 1870 and his discharge on 3 June 1872.  In this photograph Sergeant Connole is shown
wearing his Long Service & Good Conduct medal only and we must assume that while in New Zealand he did not see any active duty in the field against the Maori.

The 65th left New Zealand in 1865 and returned to Great Britain being station initially in England but then moving on to Ireland in 1867. Private Connole reengaged for a further 11
years at Birr, Ireland. He was promoted Corporal on 1 November, 1869 and promoted Sergeant on 4 June, 1870.

The 65th deployed to India in 1871 but Sergeant Connole remained behind perhaps due to his impending discharge or that he was attached to the regiment’s depot. Sergeant Patrick
Connole took his discharge at Curragh Camp on 3 June, 1872 after 21 years, 4 days service with the colours.

Patrick Connole marries Miss Anne Murrihy at some time prior to 1875. They would have at least three, children: Patrick Jr. (b. 4 May, 1875), Michael (b. 24 July, 1877) and
Catherine (b. 27 May, 1879). Although the appropriate birth record has not been found the couple appears to have had a second daughter named Minnie who would later immigrate to
New York. In the 1901 Census of Ireland the now 70 year old former sergeant Connole is living at Birr. Ireland with his wife. The couple had a house guest at the time, Connole’s 15
year old granddaughter Ettie Longhnane, a seamstress who was visiting from the United States.

The photograph’s inscription mentions the elder Connole being the “
...father of Cousin Minnie.” She seems to be the above mentioned daughter and the family shows up in the 1910
Census for New York City. The now 25 year old Eittie Longhnane, still a dressmaker is living with her widowed 48 year old mother Minnie at 140 West 66th Street – the current home
of Lincoln Center. Her age in 1910 would give her a birthdate of around 1862. Was Minnie the daughter of Patrick and Anne or did the old soldier have a previous marriage? Family
relationships/next of kin usually mentioned in service papers would have helped clear up the issue.

Both Sergeant Connole and Anne were still alive in 1910 (82 and 76 years old respectively) and were still residing at their home on Military Road at Birr. The couple vanish from the
records after this date.  
Above: The reverse side of Coonole's photograph sowing the long pencil inscription made by an unknown American relation. Besides identifying
Connole the inscription allowed for identifying the brach of his family that had immigrated to the United States.